Angry IP Scanner
A hacker can track people and sneak for their data using their IP address. Angry IP Scanner also known by the name of “ipscan” and helps hacker to scan IP addresses and ports which can be used as a doorway into a user’s system. It is an open source and cross-platform software and one of the most powerful hacking tools present in the market that is frequently being used by network administrators and system engineers.
In August 2015 Kali Linux was released. It has a major release known as Kali Linux 2.0. This is a new form of BackTrack Linux. Kali Linux is an operating system which focused on security and supports a number of desktop applications. With its security toolkits you can do various penetration testing.
Cain & Abel
Cain and Abel is a password recovery and hacking tool. Mostly used for Microsoft systems. It decrypts the password for recovery purpose using brute force methods. It can also record VoIP conversations.
Burp Suite is used to map and list out the different parameter and pages of website by examining cookies. Web vulnerabilities are easily be found by Burp Suite and many hackers uses this method to find an appropriate point of attack.
Ettercap is widely used and popular tool, which is used to help deploy a Man in the Middle attack. Attacker uses different attacking methods on a victim’s system if its functioning is flourishing.
John the Ripper
John the Ripper is a password cracking tool, uses dictionary attack. Where a different combination of words is matched against the encrypted string to find the match. It is a brute-force attack which depends on the strength of the password chosen by the user. It is a common tool used by hackers.
Metasploit is another hacking cryptographic tool widely used by hackers now a day, whether they are white hat or black hat. It helps them to find the known vulnerabilities present in the system.
Nmap (“Network Mapper”) is a free tool available for network and security auditing. Many system engineers and network administrators used it for tasks such as network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules, and monitoring host or service uptime. Nmap uses raw IP packets in a new ways to determine the available hosts on the network, services (application name and version) which are offered by the host, operating systems (and OS versions) details and other dozens of characteristics.
OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP)
The OWASP Zed Attack Proxy (ZAP) is world’s most popular free security tools. It helps you discover security vulnerabilities in your web applications in development and testing phase. It is also a great tool for pentesters for manual security testing.
Wireshark is the world’s famous network protocol analyzer. It lets you observe what’s happening on your network at a microscopic level. It’s the most powerful display filters in the industry to analyze hundreds of protocols deeply.
There are many more tools available in the market as well that are powerful though, but mentioned above are the most recommended and preferred tools used by professionals and beginners as well.